Culturally Responsive Tutoring: eVALUEating Your Cultural Consciousness to Support International Students

Olivia Becker, Nyle de Leon, California Lutheran University
Photo essays


Although international students have changed the landscape of U.S. college campuses, most support provided is centered around assimilating them to the existing academic culture rather than understanding how their own culture affects their response to American writing instruction. This research showcases four cultural values (individualism vs. collectivism, uncertainty avoidance, assertiveness, and orientation to time) and applies previous literature to a writing center setting. After reading the photo essay, tutors will be more conscious of the cultural changes that international students encounter in writing instruction and therefore be better equipped to support international students’ growth as writers.

photo essays